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Springfield v. State

Supreme Court of Indiana

June 10, 2019

Dwayne A. Springfield, Appellant,
v.
State of Indiana, Appellee.

          Appeal from the Marion Superior Court, No. 49G21-1612-F2-47464 The Honorable Alicia Gooden, Judge

         On Petition to Transfer from the Indiana Court of Appeals, No. 18A-CR-1317

          ATTORNEY FOR APPELLANT Valerie K. Boots Indianapolis, Indiana

          ATTORNEYS FOR APPELLEE Curtis T. Hill, Jr. Attorney General of Indiana Angela N. Sanchez Deputy Attorney General Indianapolis, Indiana

         All Justices concur.

          OPINION

          PER CURIAM.

         Following a traffic stop that ended in a police chase, Dwayne Springfield was charged with the following offenses, as relevant to this appeal:

Count II: Possession of Cocaine under Indiana Code section 35-48-4-6(a), enhanced to a Level 4 felony under Indiana Code section 35-48-4-6(c)(2);
Count IV: Possession of a Narcotic Drug under Indiana Code section 35-48-4-6(a), enhanced to a Level 5 felony under Indiana Code section 35-48-4-6(b)(2); and
Count V: Unlawful Possession of a Firearm by a Serious Violent Felon, a Level 4 felony under Indiana Code section 35-47-4-5(c).

         The State later added another count to charge Springfield with being a habitual offender under Indiana Code section 35-50-2-8.

         A trifurcated trial was held in April 2018. The first phase of the trial involved Counts II and IV, and the jury found Springfield guilty of both. During the second phase, the jury determined that Springfield was guilty of Count V, the unlawful possession of a firearm by a serious violent felon. During the third phase, a bench trial, Springfield was adjudicated a habitual offender.

         At the sentencing hearing, the trial court sentenced Springfield to 10 years for Count II, enhanced by 20 years for being a habitual offender; six years for Count IV; and 12 years for Count V. These sentences were ordered to be served concurrently, for an aggregate sentence of 30 years in the Indiana Department of Correction.

         Springfield appealed, arguing that his conviction for Count V and the enhancements applied to Counts II and IV violated Indiana double jeopardy principles because they were based on the same evidence-his possession of a single firearm. This Court has held that "two or more offenses are the 'same offense' in violation of Article I, Section 14 of the Indiana Constitution, if, with respect to either the statutory elements of the challenged crimes or the actual evidence used to convict, the essential elements of one challenged offense also ...


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