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Thompson v. State

Court of Appeals of Indiana

March 15, 2019

Jeffery Thompson, Appellant-Defendant,
v.
State of Indiana, Appellee-Plaintiff

          Appeal from the Marion Superior Court Cause No. 49G15-1604-F6-13322 The Honorable Helen W. Marchal, Judge

          Attorney for Appellant Stacy R. Uliana Bargersville, Indiana

          Attorneys for Appellee Curtis T. Hill, Jr. Attorney General Caroline G. Templeton Deputy Attorney General Indianapolis, Indiana

          CRONE, JUDGE.

         Case Summary

         [¶1] Jeffery Thompson appeals the trial court's denial of his motion to credit his sentence with 240 days that he served on pretrial home detention. The State does not oppose the motion. We conclude that the trial court erred in denying Thompson's motion and therefore reverse and remand with instructions to credit that time to Thompson's sentence.

         Facts and Procedural History

         [¶2] In April 2016, the State charged Thompson with one count of level 6 felony operating while intoxicated endangering another person and one count of level 6 felony operating while intoxicated with an alcohol concentration equivalent of .15 or more. On June 26, 2018, pursuant to a written plea agreement, Thompson agreed to plead guilty to the first charge. The State agreed to dismiss the second charge and all the charges that Thompson had pending in cause number 49G15-1512-F6-45853 and cause number 49G15-1701-F6-3764 ("Cause 3764"). In Cause 3764, Thompson had been ordered to serve pretrial home detention from January 31, 2017, through September 28, 2017, a total of 240 days. He completed the home detention with no violations. Thompson and the State agreed to a total sentence of 730 days and also agreed that the credit time earned in Cause 3764 would be applied to that sentence.

         [¶3] The trial court accepted the plea agreement and sentenced Thompson to 730 days, with ten days executed and the rest suspended to probation. The court awarded Thompson sixty days of good time credit for his pretrial home detention in Cause 3764. See Ind. Code § 35-50-6-3.1(f) (providing that a person placed on pretrial home detention "earns one (1) day of good time credit for every four (4) days the person serves on pretrial home detention awaiting trial."). Thompson requested additional credit for the 240 days that he actually served on home detention. The State did not object to this request, and the trial court took it under advisement. On June 27, 2018, Thompson filed a motion to apply the 240 days against his sentence, which the trial court summarily denied. This appeal ensued.

         Discussion and Decision

         [¶4] Thompson contends that the trial court erred in denying his motion for credit for time that he served on pretrial home detention. The State does not oppose Thompson's motion. For the reasons given below, we agree with Thompson.

         [¶5] "To say that the case law has been murky on the issue of credit time for home detainees would be an understatement." Barker v. State, 994 N.E.2d 306, 313 (Ind.Ct.App. 2013), trans. denied (2014). Home detention may be imposed before trial, as a post-conviction placement in a community corrections program, or as part of probation. Id. In Capes v. State, 634 N.E.2d 1334, 1335 (Ind. 1994), our supreme court considered whether the defendant was entitled to credit for time served in pretrial home detention. At that time, Indiana Code Section 35-50-6-4 provided, "A person imprisoned for a crime or imprisoned awaiting trial or sentencing is initially assigned to Class I." And Indiana Code Section 35-50-6-3(a) provided, "A person assigned to Class I earns one (1) day of credit time for each day he is imprisoned for a crime or confined awaiting trial or sentencing." For the Capes court, "[t]he essential questions [were] whether [Capes] was a member of Class I and whether in-home detention constitu[ed] 'confinement' for purposes of accruing" credit for time served. 634 N.E.2d at 1335. The court answered both questions in the affirmative, noting that the legislature had specifically provided credit for time served to post-conviction home detainees in community corrections programs and that there was "no good reason" to treat pretrial home detainees differently. See id. (citing Ind. Code § 35-38-2.6-6, which stated, "A person who is placed in a community corrections program under this chapter is entitled to earn credit time under IC 35-50-6.").

         [¶6] Three years later, the court was confronted with the same issue in Franklin v. State, 685 N.E.2d 1062 (Ind. 1997). This time, however, the court reached a different result based on the legislature's post-Capes amendment to Section 35-38-2.6-6, which stated, "A person who is placed in a community corrections program under this chapter is entitled to earn credit time under IC 35-50-6 unless the person is placed in the person's home." (Emphasis added.) The Franklin court concluded "that the amendment to the post-conviction home detention statute evinces legislative intent that credit time [i.e., credit for time served] can no longer be awarded to pretrial home detainees." 685 N.E.2d at 1064.

         [¶7] Just two years later, in Purcell v. State, 721 N.E.2d 220 (Ind. 1999), the court determined that the "credit time" mentioned in Section 35-38-2.6-6 was actually "good time credit" (i.e., the "additional credit a prisoner receives for good behavior and educational attainment") and not credit for time served, id. at 222, and therefore overruled Franklin to the extent it held that the statute "prohibits an offender sentenced to home detention under a community ...


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