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Sherman v. Berryhill

United States District Court, N.D. Indiana, South Bend Division

January 17, 2019

PETER A. SHERMAN, Plaintiff,
NANCY BERRYHILL, Acting Commissioner of the Social Security Administration, Defendant.



         Peter A. Sherman appeals the denial of his application for Social Security disability benefits. Sherman is a high school graduate who has worked as a sales representative in the lumber department at a “big box” hardware store, in a train yard as a crew member and operations manager, and as an installation manager for a home security company. [AR at 33, 53, 55-56, 78-79, 81.][1] He filed an application for Social Security disability benefits on April 15, 2014, alleging that he became disabled as of May 1, 2013, when he was 39 years old. [AR at 22.] As of 2014, Sherman was a full-time student at Indiana University South Bend, where he was pursuing a degree in physics. He later withdrew from IUSB for health reasons. [AR at 82-84.] After a hearing, an administrative law judge denied Sherman's application for benefits. [AR at 35.] Although the ALJ found that Sherman has severe impairments of Type II diabetes with neuropathy, obesity, psoriatic arthropathy, and Morton's Neuroma, the ALJ ultimately found that Sherman has the residual functional capacity to perform light work with certain limitations. [AR at 24, 28.]

         Sherman asks me to reverse the ALJ's decision and find that he was disabled as of May 1, 2013 or remand for further proceedings by the Social Security Administration. My review of the ALJ's decision is deferential. I must affirm it if it is supported by substantial evidence, meaning “‘such relevant evidence as a reasonable mind might accept as adequate to support a conclusion.'” McKinzey v. Astrue, 641 F.3d 884, 889 (7thCir. 2011) (citation omitted). I can't reweigh the evidence or substitute my judgment for that of the ALJ. Minnick v. Colvin, 775 F.3d 929, 935 (7th Cir. 2015). But these standards do not mean that I “will simply rubber-stamp the Commissioner's decision without a critical review of the evidence.” Clifford v. Apfel, 227 F.3d 863, 869 (7th Cir. 2000).

         When considering the evidence, “an ALJ is not required to provide a complete and written evaluation of every piece of testimony and evidence, but ‘must build a logical bridge from the evidence to his conclusion.'” Minnick v. Colvin, 775 F.3d 929, 935 (7th Cir. 2015), quoting Schmidt v. Barnhart, 395 F.3d 737, 744 (7th Cir. 2005). This means that an ALJ's decision must offer an explanation of the rationale from the evidence to his or her conclusions “sufficient to allow us, as a reviewing court, to assess the validity of the agency's ultimate findings and afford [the claimant] meaningful judicial review.” Moore v. Colvin, 743 F.3d 1118, 1121 (7th Cir. 2014).


         Sherman raises two issues in this appeal. The first challenges the ALJ's finding that Sherman was capable of standing and walking at least six hours in an eight-hour workday. [DE 10 at 11.] Sherman's second argument challenges the ALJ's conclusions concerning the evidence of carpal tunnel syndrome in his hands. [DE 10 at 15.]

         Standing and Walking

         The ALJ found that Sherman can occasionally climb ramps and stairs, and occasionally balance, stoop, kneel, crouch, and crawl, but never climb ladders, ropes, or scaffolds. [AR at 28.] He found that Sherman “must frequently alternate between sitting and standing without being off task during an 8-hour workday.” [Id.] Sherman argues that “[t]he finding that Mr. Sherman could perform light work where he would be required to stand and walk at least six out of eight hours in the day is not supported by substantial evidence.” [DE 10 at 11.]

         The federal regulation that defines “light work” for purposes of Social Security provides that a job in this category requires a “good deal of walking or standing, ” or if it involves sitting “most of the time” also involves “some pushing and pulling of arm or leg controls.” C.F.R. §404.1567(b). Further guidance from the Social Security Administration explains that the “frequent lifting or carrying” of up to 10 pounds required by light work means that “the full range of light work requires standing or walking, off and on, for a total of approximately 6 hours of an 8-hour workday.” SSR 83-10, 1983 WL 31251, at *6. So the ALJ's determination that Sherman has the residual functional capacity to perform light work implicitly includes a finding that he can stand or walk, off and on, for approximately 6 hours during an 8-hour workday.

         To support his challenge to that conclusion, Sherman points to his history of diabetic neuropathy affecting his legs and feet, his testimony about his use of a cane and the need to elevate his legs and feet for pain relief, and his risk of falling due to dizzy spells. [DE 10 at 11-14.] In response, the Commissioner recaps the portions of the medical record cited by the ALJ in making her determination concerning Sherman's ability to stand and walk. This includes evidence of improved control of Sherman's diabetes through medication, and pain management treatment for Sherman's diabetic neuropathy, which he reported reduced his pain to a level of 5 to 6 out of 10. [DE 15 at 4-5; AR at 31.] The ALJ concluded that this medical evidence did “not support the claimant's allegations of very severe pain from neuropathy that keeps him in a recliner all day and prevents him from doing any activities of daily living.” [AR at 31.]

         The evidence on this issue is not one-sided, and if I were the decisionmaker in the first instance, I might have decided that Sherman's ability to stand and walk during an 8-hour work day is more limited than the ALJ found, considering his history of treatment for neuropathy foot and leg pain [AR at 295-301; 313-16; 319-23; 340-42; 353-56; 405-06; 431-35; 527; 554-59; 570-75; 587-93; 603-08; 609-13; 620-25; 630-34; 639-43; 667-71; 677-79; 686-90; 691-96; 697], as well as Sherman's own evaluation of his neuropathy pain [AR at 28-29], the recommendation of treatment with a spinal cord stimulator not yet attempted [AR at 29], and Sherman's reports of falls and his reliance on a cane [AR at 29]. But as I am persuaded that reversal is required on another ground, I need consider the matter no further.

         Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

         Sherman's second challenge is to the ALJ's failure to find that his carpal tunnel syndrome constituted a severe impairment, and failure to take the carpal tunnel syndrome into account in determining his ability to work. The medical records reflect that Dr. Andrey Seluzhitskiy noted as early as September 19, 2014 that Sherman suffered from carpal tunnel syndrome that was “acute” and “inadequately controlled.” [AR at 667.] Dr. Seluzhitskiy attempted treatment by cortisone injections but those provided relief for only a day at a time. [AR at 535.] On referral from Dr. Seluzhitskiy, Sherman told Dr. Sylvan Clarke on April 22, 2016 that he had experienced bilateral hand pain for approximately 20 years, and had numbness, tingling and weakness in his hands that caused difficulty lifting objects. [AR at 535.] Sherman testified before the ALJ to difficulty with manual tasks due to his CTS. [AR at 64-65.] Dr. Clarke advised Sherman on treatment options for his carpal tunnel syndrome, recommended electrodiagnostic testing, and scheduled a follow-up visit. [AR at 534.] Electrodiag-nostic testing was performed on May 11, 2016 and indicated Sherman had bilateral CTS. [AR at 523.] On his return visit to Dr. Clarke on May 20, 2016, surgical treatment and its risks were discussed in depth, with Sherman opting to defer surgery until his diabetes was better controlled. [AR at 529.] Ultimately, Sherman had the surgery on his non-dominant left hand the week prior to the ALJ's hearing in September, 2016. [AR at 64.]

         At step two of her analysis concerning Sherman's medically determinable impairments, the ALJ noted that the records of Sherman's primary care doctor, Dr. Andrey P. Seluzhitskiy, dated November 7, 2014 reflect that severe carpal tunnel symptoms were improved after injections performed on October 17 and September 19, although there was no EMG at that time to confirm the nature of the condition. [AR at 24, 656, 662, 669.] The ALJ then remarked upon the “gap in treatment of any upper extremity problems of about two years” until 2016 when carpal tunnel syndrome was confirmed by an EMG in May 2016, and surgical treatment was discussed. [AR at 24-25.] The ALJ found Sherman's carpal tunnel syndrome “to be a non-severe impairment based upon the recency of the EMG and surgery, as it does not satisfy the 12-month durational requirement for a severe impairment.” [AR at 25.] Sherman argues that this ...

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