from the Marion Superior Court The Honorable Shatrese M.
Flowers, Judge Trial Court Cause No. 49G20-1604-F2-12806
Attorney for Appellant Ellen M. O'Connor Marion County
Public Defender Agency Indianapolis, Indiana
Attorneys for Appellee Curtis T. Hill, Jr. Attorney General
of Indiana, Henry A. Flores, Jr. Deputy Attorney General
of the Case
Anthony Ector appeals his convictions, following a jury
trial, for dealing in cocaine, as a Level 2 felony; dealing
in marijuana, as a Level 5 felony; possession of a narcotic
drug, as a Level 5 felony; and for being a habitual offender.
Ector raises a single issue for our review, namely, whether
the trial court erred under Article 1, Section 11 of the
Indiana Constitution when it admitted evidence that had been
seized pursuant to a warrantless search of a vehicle, which
was parked in the driveway of a residence that officers had a
warrant to search and in which residence the officers had
found Ector along with substantial amounts of contraband.
and Procedural History 
On April 1, 2016, Indianapolis Metropolitan Police Department
("IMPD") officers executed a search warrant at a
"trap house" in Indianapolis. A "trap
house" is a house used "to sell narcotics,"
and, "if anyone stays there, it's[ ]on an infrequent
basis" such that there are not "a lot of personal
items there that could be traced back to an individual."
Tr. Vol. II at 17. Officers would not "expect somebody
to live" in such a house. Id. Although no one
was known to live in the house being searched, the house
nonetheless had bars over the windows, barricaded doors, and
security cameras around the exterior. The search warrant
specifically permitted officers to seize any keys found
inside the residence for the purposes of "aid[ing] in
the identification of the individuals involved in the
trafficking of controlled substances at the residence . . .
or which may provide evidence of the connection of such
individuals to the residence . . . ." Ex. Vol. I at
Upon entering the residence, officers observed Ector standing
near a staircase and holding an AK-47 assault rifle. A nearby
officer "pointed [his rifle] at Mr. Ector, clicked off
the safety, and advised him [to] please drop the gun."
Tr. Vol. III at 32. Ector threw his firearm toward a nearby
couch and fled into another room. Officers pursued and
apprehended him. Officers also detained two other individuals
inside the residence: Kevin Rent and Charles Polk.
Inside the residence, officers seized the following items:
• a Glock 22 handgun with an extended magazine;
• three bags containing cocaine with an aggregate weight
of 146.6 grams (about one-third of one pound);
• a duffel bag and a trash bag containing marijuana with
an aggregate weight of approximately 6, 733 grams (just shy
of fifteen pounds);
• four scales, several small plastic baggies, and items
with narcotics and heroin residue on them;
• approximately $2, 000 on Ector and Rent, mostly in
twenty dollar bills;
• a bottle of sleeping-aid pills used to cut heroin;
• Polk's resume;
• a photograph of Ector and Polk together;
• Rent's debit card; and
• keys found in the dining room.
Outside the residence were two vehicles parked in the
driveway of the residence: a Chevrolet Trailblazer and a
Toyota Camry. On his person, Rent had keys to the Trailblazer
and also to the front door of the house. Officers contacted
the Bureau of Motor Vehicles ("BMV") to identify
the owner of the vehicle based on the ...