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Hamlet v. Commissioner Indiana Department of Correction

United States District Court, S.D. Indiana, Terre Haute Division

February 13, 2017

KEVIN D. HAMLET, Plaintiff,
v.
COMMISSIONER Indiana Department of Correction, INDIANA PAROLE BOARD, K. DAVIDSON Indiana Parole Officer, M. EASTON Indiana Parole Officer, BROWN IMPD Officer, MARION CO. CLERK OF THE COURT RM. 24, SUPERINTENDENT New Castle Correctional Facility, NEW CASTLE CORRECTIONAL FACILITY CLASSIFICATION DEPT., UNKNOWN New Castle Correctional Facility staff, RANDY SHORT Director, Classification IDOC, JOHN LAYTON Marion County Sheriff's Department, C. BURKETT Indiana Ombudsman, Defendants.

          ENTRY DISMISSING COMPLAINT AND DIRECTING FURTHER PROCEEDINGS

          HON.WILLIAM T. LAWRENCE, JUDGE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT.

         I.

         The plaintiff's request to proceed in forma pauperis [dkt. 3] is granted. The assessment of even a partial filing fee is not feasible at this time. Notwithstanding the foregoing ruling, the plaintiff owes the filing fee. “All [28 U.S.C.] § 1915 has ever done is excuse pre-payment of the docket fees; a litigant remains liable for them, and for other costs, although poverty may make collection impossible.” Abdul-Wadood v. Nathan, 91 F.3d 1023, 1025 (7th Cir. 1996). Accordingly, a separate order pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(b) for the collection of the filing fee is being issued.

         II.

         The plaintiff is a prisoner currently incarcerated at Putnamville Correctional Industrial Facility (“Putnamville”). Because the plaintiff is a “prisoner” as defined by 28 U.S.C. § 1915(h), this Court has an obligation under 28 U.S.C. § 1915A(b) to screen his complaint before service on the defendants. Pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915A(b), the Court must dismiss the complaint if it is frivolous or malicious, fails to state a claim for relief, or seeks monetary relief against a defendant who is immune from such relief. In determining whether the complaint states a claim, the Court applies the same standard as when addressing a motion to dismiss under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 12(b)(6). See Lagerstrom v. Kingston, 463 F.3d 621, 624 (7th Cir. 2006). To survive dismissal,

[the] complaint must contain sufficient factual matter, accepted as true, to state a claim for relief that is plausible on its face. A claim has facial plausibility when the plaintiff pleads factual content that allows the court to draw the reasonable inference that the defendant is liable for the misconduct alleged.

         Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 556 U.S. 662, 678 (2009). Pro se complaints such as that filed by the plaintiff are construed liberally and held to a less stringent standard than formal pleadings drafted by lawyers. Obriecht v. Raemisch, 517 F.3d 489, 491 n.2 (7th Cir. 2008).

         III.

         Plaintiff Kevin D. Hamlet alleges that he was denied due process and retaliated against which led to his wrongful incarcerated. His claims are brought pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983. The complaint suggests that these alleged constitutional violations are a result of the way his probation was revoked.

         The settled law in these circumstances is that when a prisoner makes a claim that, if successful, could shorten his term of imprisonment, the claim must be brought as a habeas petition, not as a § 1983 claim. Heck v. Humphrey, 512 U.S. 477 (1994). “Should success in a civil suit necessarily imply the invalidity of a conviction or sentence, Heck requires the potential plaintiff to wait until his conviction is nullified before bringing suit.” Id.; see also Apampa v. Layng, 157 F.3d 1103, 1105 (7th Cir. 1999). Hamlet seeks a declaratory judgment, money damages, costs and undefined equitable relief. Although Hamlet does not specifically seek an earlier release date, it is the injury alleged in a claim, and not the relief sought in the claim, which determines whether a claim is cognizable in habeas corpus or should instead be brought as a civil action. Clayton El v. Fisher, 96 F.3d 236, 242 (7th Cir. 1996). Hamlet's claim that he was wrongfully incarcerated as a result of an illegal parole revocation proceeding could lead to the conclusion that he is entitled to a shortened term of imprisonment.

         This is true even if Hamlet is no longer in custody based on his original sentence from which the parole violation sprung. The custody requirement in a habeas proceeding is met where a prisoner attacks any one of a number of sentences, see, e.g., Peyton v. Rowe, 391 U.S. 54, 67(1968), and when a prisoner attacks an earlier conviction, the effect of which was to delay the start of his current unrelated sentence. See, e.g., Harrison v. Indiana, 597 F.2d 115, 117 (7th Cir. 1979). The Seventh Circuit has explained that when a prisoner:

seeks to attack a conviction the sentence for which has been fully served. . . . A successful attack on the first conviction would nonetheless shorten the time remaining for him to serve, so that the duration of his custody continued to be determined by the consecutive effect of both sentences.

Id. Thus, if it were determined that Hamlet is entitled to a time-cut to an earlier sentence, this determination would shorten the time remaining for him to serve on his current sentence. Under these circumstances, maintaining a civil rights action in which damages are sought is barred by Heck.

         Because Hamlet is still in custody and because success in this civil suit would necessarily imply the invalidity of his ...


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