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Hart v. Superintendent

United States District Court, N.D. Indiana

January 11, 2017

ELWIN HART, Petitioner,
v.
SUPERINTENDENT, Respondent.

          OPINION AND ORDER

          THERESA L. SPRINGMANN UNITED STATES JUDGE

         Elwin Hart, a prisoner proceeding pro se, filed a habeas corpus petition challenging his state court convictions for murder, carrying a handgun without a license, and possession of marijuana by the Marion Superior Court under cause number 49G01-1002-MR-13454, for which he received an aggregate 110 year sentence on June 10, 2010. The Respondent argues that all four of Hart's claims are procedurally defaulted and, alternatively, not cognizable in this federal habeas proceeding. For the reasons set forth below, the Court agrees. Accordingly, the Court DENIES the Petition, DENIES the Petitioner a certificate of appealability, and DISMISSES the case.

         BACKGROUND

         In deciding this habeas petition, the Court must presume the facts set forth by the state courts are correct. 28 U.S.C. § 2254(e)(1). It is Hart's burden to rebut this presumption with clear and convincing evidence. Id. On appeal from the denial of post-conviction relief, the Indiana Court of Appeals set forth the facts surrounding Hart's offenses as follows:

In February 2010, Chad Nickle, his girlfriend Elizabeth Newcomer, his mother Linda Nickle, and Linda's boyfriend Hart all lived together in a house on the southwest-side of Indianapolis. Chad and Elizabeth, who were engaged to be married, had recently moved in with Linda and Hart to help them pay bills. In addition, Linda and Hart had recently purchased a white Chevy Silverado truck that Hart drove.
Chad worked out of state for eleven months of the year doing environmental demolition and was in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, on February 20, 2010. On that morning, Elizabeth called Chad and told him that she had found a baggie of white powder that she suspected to be cocaine. Chad instructed Elizabeth and Linda to go to a nearby bike shop, Thugs Incorporated Choppers, so that his friend Dennis Gibson could test the white powder. Dennis, who had experimented with cocaine before, tasted the powder and concluded that it was cocaine. Based on this information, Chad told Elizabeth to tell his mother that Hart had to move out. Chad directed the women to call him right after they told Hart the news. Dennis also told the women that if they needed help evicting Hart, they should call him.
Around 2:00 p.m., Chad still had not heard from his fiancee or mother. Because Chad was concerned that he could not reach them by phone, he had Dennis and another bike shop employee go to the house. They knocked on the door, but no one answered. They spotted Elizabeth's red truck in the driveway but not Hart's white truck. Dennis called Chad to report their findings.
Around 4:00 p.m., Chad received a concerned call from Elizabeth's mother because Elizabeth did not show up at a family event. Chad then contacted a childhood friend, Daniel Sprouse, and asked him to go to the house. At the time, Daniel and his wife were in Noblesville at a swim meet. When Daniel arrived at the house, he observed Elizabeth's red truck in the driveway and Linda's car in the garage. Hart's white truck was not there. Chad instructed Daniel to ring the doorbell, pound on his mother's bedroom window, and beat on the garage door. Chad and Daniel stayed on the phone the entire time. When there was no response, a frantic Chad instructed Daniel to break in. Daniel broke a window on a door that led to the garage and entered the house. Upon entering the living room, Daniel started screaming to Chad over the phone that Elizabeth and Linda were dead. Both had been shot in the head and were sitting upright with the television still on. A dropped coffee cup was at Linda's feet. Elizabeth was shot three times, and Linda was shot once. Daniel rushed out of the house and told his wife to call 911. While Daniel and his wife were standing in the middle of the street waiting for emergency responders, they noticed a white Chevy truck that they believed to be Hart's parked on the wrong side of the street about 200 feet away. Daniel and his wife called 911 again. Fearing for their safety, Daniel and his wife took shelter in their car. The white truck backed up and disappeared.
Emergency responders arrived at 5:08 p.m. and confirmed that Elizabeth and Linda were dead. Their identifications and cell phones were missing, but there were no other signs of a robbery, as nothing was missing and the house was in a neat and orderly condition. Police recovered a baggie of white powder from the kitchen, but it was later determined not to be cocaine.
In the meantime, Hart called his boss, Victor Fleming, and left two voicemails saying that he would not be at work on Monday. According to Victor, the first voicemail stated:
Victor, it's me, Elwin Hart. I'm calling you to thank you for the opportunity to work with Laker Medical. You are great people and I enjoy to work [sic] with you. I hope everything will be better, but I won't be able to come back to work on Monday because something is not-something went wrong.
Tr. P. 307, 314. According to Victor, the second voicemail stated:
Thank you for the opportunity. Thank you for you guys. You guys are good people and I appreciate the opportunity to work with your company, but I won't be able to go back to work on Monday since I did something very wrong and I'm about to turn myself in to the police. Id. at 311, 314.FN1
FN1. Victor said that both voicemails had been recorded by a detective; however, by the time of trial, that detective had died and neither the voicemails nor a ...

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