Argued: May 19, 2015.
Appeal from the United States District Court for the Central District of Illinois. No. 4:14-cr-40020 -- Sara Darrow, Judge.
For United States of America, Plaintiff - Appellee: Jason M. Bohm, Attorney, Office of The United States Attorney, Urbana Division, Urbana, IL; Kirk Schuler, Attorney, Office of The United States Attorney, Rock Island, IL.
For Jerame E. Moore, Defendant - Appellant: Johanna M. Christiansen, Attorney, Thomas W. Patton, Attorney, Office of The Federal Public Defender, Peoria, IL.
Before POSNER, EASTERBROOK, and MANION, Circuit Judges.
Manion, Circuit Judge.
Jerame Moore and a crew of three confederates were arrested on the heels of a spending spree that involved their use of
counterfeit debit and credit cards at various Walgreens pharmacies across northern Illinois. Moore was subsequently indicted by a grand jury on one count of conspiracy to use and possess counterfeit or unauthorized access devices and one count of possession of at least 15 unauthorized access devices. He pleaded guilty to the latter. The district court imposed a sentence of 24 months' imprisonment followed by a three-year term of supervised release. On appeal, Moore challenges the district court's calculation of loss underlying his sentence and the procedural soundness of the district court's decision to impose a term of supervised release. We affirm Moore's sentence, but vacate the imposition of a term of supervised release, and remand this case for further proceedings.
On December 24, 2013, Moore and three confederates drove from Chicago to the Quad Cities of western Illinois and eastern Iowa. Along the way, they made purchases at various Walgreens stores. A Walgreens employee in East Moline became suspicious and called the police.
When officers arrived at the store, Moore's confederates left together, while Moore caught a ride to a bus station. Officers encountered Moore at the bus station, he was arrested, and officers seized 25 unauthorized credit and debit cards from his person. Each card was embossed with Moore's name. The others were also arrested after the officers seized 35 cards embossed with their names (and the names of others) from their vehicle. Moore's confederates informed the arresting officers that they had traveled from Chicago to purchase gift cards with the unauthorized cards. The officers subsequently determined that the group had used 8 of the 60 unauthorized cards. One card was used to make more than $500 in purchases, and it did not bear Moore's name. The purchases made with that card totaled $1,016.25.
A federal grand jury returned an indictment that charged Moore and his confederates with conspiracy to use and possess counterfeit or unauthorized access devices (18 U.S.C. § 1029(b)(2)), and charged Moore with intent to defraud while knowingly possessing at least 15 unauthorized access devices (18 U.S.C. § 1029(a)(3)). Moore pleaded guilty to the latter on the condition that the government dismiss the former charge. At his plea hearing, Moore confirmed that none of the account holders or financial institutions where the accounts were established and retained gave him permission to utilize those accounts encoded on the cards, and that he " possessed 25 counterfeit credit cards ... [to make] unauthorized purchases," with knowledge that the cards were counterfeit.
The Presentence Report (PSR) prepared by the U.S. Probation Office assigned Moore a base offense level of 6 pursuant to U.S.S.G. § 2B1.1(a)(2). It then determined that the total loss amount was $30,516.25. Probation reached this sum by attributing loss of $500 for 59 of the 60 cards and then adding the actual loss of $1,016.25 spent on the 60th card, resulting in a six-level increase attributable for a loss amount over $30,000. See U.S.S.G. § 2B1.1 cmnt. n. 3(F)(i). With the two-level reduction for acceptance of responsibility, Probation calculated Moore's total ...