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Leforge v. Feiwell & Hannoy, Pc

United States District Court, S.D. Indiana, Indianapolis Division

November 13, 2014

LUDA CHRISTINE HAYWARD LEFORGE, Plaintiff,
v.
FEIWELL & HANNOY, P.C., Defendant.

ENTRY ON PLAINTIFF'S MOTION IN LIMINE

RICHARD L. YOUNG, Chief District Judge.

Plaintiff, Luda Christine Hayward LeForge, brought suit under the Fair Debt Collection Practices Act ("FDCPA") against Defendant, Feiwell & Hannoy, P.C. ("F&H"). In anticipation of trial, Plaintiff filed two motions in limine seeking to bar reference to attorney fees (Filing No. 120) and to bar any evidence or testimony regarding Plaintiff's character, underlying debt, short sale, and other parties (Filling No. 121). For the reasons set forth below, the court GRANTS the motion in limine concerning attorney fees and GRANTS in part and DENIES in part the motion in limine regarding character.

I. Discussion

A. Reference to Attorney Fees

Plaintiff seeks to bar the reference of the availability of attorney's fees to Mrs. LeForge should she succeed in this litigation. Defendant objects asserting that it is warranted and appropriate for counsel to remind the jury in argument that any award of actual damages must be predicated only upon matters contained within the court's instructions and not on attorney's fees. Defendant also wishes to question jurors in voir dire with respect to how they would arrive at an award for actual damages and whether they would feel it necessary to include attorney's fees in the award.

Neither party cites to an applicable Seventh Circuit decision. Plaintiff relies on a case from the Central District of Illinois and one from the Ninth Circuit. Defendant relies on a case from the Middle District of Louisiana and the Third Circuit. The court agrees with the Plaintiff that evidence that, if successful, Plaintiff may seek attorney's fees is irrelevant to whether Defendant violated the FDCPA and also to the bona fide error defense. A jury instruction indicating that attorney's fees are not calculated as actual damages will suffice to remedy the potential windfall Defendant fears. Additionally, Defendant may use voir dire to inquire whether jurors believe they can follow such an instruction. Thus, Plaintiff's motion in limine to bar reference to attorney's fees (Filing No. 120) is GRANTED.

B. Deadbeat Argument

Plaintiff seeks to preclude any argument that Plaintiff, by bringing an FDCPA claim, seeks to immunize herself from the collection process and the natural, legitimate consequences of nonpayment of debt. Additionally, Plaintiff seeks to bar any testimony or argument in which the Plaintiff is referred to as a "deadbeat." Defendant does not object to barring the use of "deadbeat" or similar degrading terms to describe the Plaintiff. As such, Plaintiff's motion in limine concerning the deadbeat argument (Filing No. 120) is GRANTED.[1]

C. Plaintiff's Motives

Plaintiff seeks to preclude any argument that the Plaintiff is in this case for the money. Defendant states it has reason to believe that Plaintiff will make a demand in excess of $1, 000, 000.00 and states that should this occur, F&H should be permitted to argue that such a demand is absurd. The court agrees with the Plaintiff that Defendant cannot argue that Plaintiff is in this case solely for the money; however, this does not preclude the Defendant from arguing that the damage award sought is excessive or unsupported by the evidence. Therefore, Plaintiff's motion in limine concerning her motives in GRANTED.

D. Other FDCPA Claims

Plaintiff seeks to preclude Defendant from alluding to, in any manner, the existence of FDCPA claims other than the one involved in this case. Plaintiff argues that such evidence should be precluded under Federal Rules of Evidence 403, 404, 608, and 802 because it has no probative value and would be used for the sole purpose of creating unfair prejudice and confusing the jury. Defendant responds that Mrs. LeForge made prior inconsistent statements in the prior FDCPA claim against the Bank of Americas and those statements should be available for impeachment. Additionally, F&H believes the jury needs to understand the context in which those statements were given to fully and appropriately evaluate the weight to give those statements.

The court agrees that evidence of another suit is not relevant to Defendant's case in chief; however, if Plaintiff made inconsistent statements, then Defendant may use those statements for impeachment purposes. The court will take under advisement what context may be necessary for the jury to understand such statements. ...


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