The opinion of the court was delivered by: Larry J. McKINNEY, Judge United States District Court Southern District of Indiana
This case is before the Court for sua sponte reconsideration of the Court's previous Orders on sanctions [Dkt. Nos. 164--65]. Pursuant to the Court's Order of October 10, 2007 [Dkt. No. 173], the Court stayed execution of the Court's previous Orders of Sanctions Awards [Dkt Nos. 164--65] until final disposition of this litigation. Having entered default judgment against Defendant, Bronco Coal Company ("Defendant"), the Court now proceeds to reconsider its entry of sanctions against Defendant's counsel, Peter S. French, Sara Rochelle Bradbury, James E. Zoccola, and Lewis & Kappes, P.C. (collectively, "Counsel").
In its January 25, 2007, Order ("Sanctions Order"), the Court concluded that Defendant and Counsel should be subject to sanctions under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 11 ("Rule 11") for filing the Amended Third-Party Complaint without any basis in law for the claims. Dkt. No. 141 at 13. On May 4, 2007, the Court entered judgment on sanctions against Defendant and Counsel in favor of Third-Party Defendant Michael Brandt ("Michael Brandt") in the amount of $4,525.00. Dkt. No. 164. On August 24, 2007, the Court entered a second judgment on sanctions against Defendant and Counsel in favor of the other Third-Party Defendants*fn1 in the amount of $34,510.00. Dkt. No. 165. On October 10, 2007, pursuant to a request from Counsel, the Court modified its previous Orders to limit monetary liability to Counsel and stay execution of its Orders until final disposition of the case. Dkt. No. 173. In its subsequent proposed default judgment against Defendant, counsel for the Third-Party Defendants requested a judgment for sanctions in the amounts previously ordered. Dkt. No. 311.
District courts have broad authority to reconsider even sua sponte their interlocutory decisions. See Peirick v. Ind. Univ.-Purdue Univ. Indianapolis Athletics Dep't, 510 F.3d 681, 694 n.5 (7th Cir. 2007). Under Rule 11, "a court may impose sanctions on a party for making arguments or filing claims that are frivolous, legally unreasonable, without factual foundation, or asserted for an improper purpose." Fries v. Helsper, 146 F.3d 452, 458 (7th Cir. 1998). A court has great discretion in determining the appropriate sanction, and "the least severe sanction that is adequate to serve the purpose should be imposed." Rush v. McDonald's Corp., 760 F. Supp. 1349, 1365 (S.D. Ind. 1991) (McKinney, J.).
The Court has reviewed further the billing statements submitted by counsel for the Third-Party Defendants provided in support of the amount of applicable sanctions. See generally Dkt. Nos. 144-2, 152-1. The Court concludes that the amounts previously entered in this case are greater than necessary and include compensation for activities not covered in the Sanctions Order. Dkt. No. 141 at 13 (providing Third-Party Defendants with "attorney fees and expenses for the preparation of their responses" to the Amended Third-Party Complaint). Therefore, the Court reconsiders the amounts previously awarded and readjusts the amounts to reflect accurately attorney fees incurred in conjunction with those compensable under the Sanctions Order. Accord. Peirick, 510 F.3d at 694 n.5.
Based upon its review of the applicable records, the Court has adjusted the amounts to be awarded to the Third-Party Defendants. The Court concludes that the Blankenberger-Related Defendants are entitled to compensation for 24.80 hours*fn2 at a rate of $300.00 an hour, or $7,440.00. Further, the Court concludes that Michael Brandt is entitled to compensation for 6.30 hours*fn3 at a rate of $250.00 an hour, or $1,575.00.
However, the Court concludes that the Blankenberger Counsel Defendants are entitled to the full amount requested and should be compensated for 27.10 hours at a rate of $300.00 an hour, totaling $8,130.00. In total, the Court directs Counsel to pay $17,145.00 in sanctions.
For the foregoing reasons, the Court ORDERS the following: The Court RECONSIDERS its Orders of May 4, 2007 [Dkt. No. 164] and August 24, 2007 [Dkt. No. 165], and those Orders are OVERRULED insofar as they are inconsistent with this Order.
It is ORDERED, ADJUDGED, and DECREED that sanctions are entered in favor of Third-Party Defendants Patrick Blankenberger, Rick J. Blankenberger, David M. Blankenberger, Donald Blankenberger, John Brandt, Black Rush Mining, LLC, Five Star Mining, Inc., Lafayette Coal Company, Inc., and Tim Kerr and against attorneys Peter S. French, Sara Rochelle Bradbury, James E. Zoccola, and Lewis & Kappes, P.C. in the amount of $7,440.00;
It is further ORDERED, ADJUDGED, and DECREED that sanctions are entered in favor of Third-Party Defendants Geoffrey A. Bryce, Jeanne Hoffman, and BryceDowney, LLC and against attorneys Peter S. French, Sara Rochelle Bradbury, James E. ...