Appeal from the Franklin Circuit Court, The Honorable Eugene Stewart, Judge, Cause No. 19250
Ratliff, C.j., Neal, J., Miller, P.j., concur.
Gregory Lett appeals from the Franklin Circuit Court's dismissal of his claim against the State of Indiana and its agents for failure to provide timely notice under the Indiana Tort Claims Act (hereinafter ITCA), Indiana Code sections 34-4-16.5-1 et seq. We affirm.
On September 17, 1983, Gregory Lett was involved in an accident on U.S. Route 52 in Franklin County, Indiana, while riding in a 1967 Plymouth Barracuda driven by defendant, Tibor Kelemen. Lett sustained extensive and severe injuries in the accident and was transported via "Lifeline" helicopter to Methodist Hospital in Indianapolis. Specifically, Lett suffered from multiple lacerations and fractures, including, fractures of the right ankle, left femur, and left arm, and a burst fracture of one of his lumbar vertebrae. The vertebrae fracture caused Lett's paraplegia. Initially, Lett underwent surgery to stabilize his condition. Thereafter, Lett underwent eight (8) additional surgeries while at Methodist. In addition to the surgeries, Lett was treated for a number of other medical complications, which included: acute renal failure, a psoas abscess, a neurogenic bladder, chronic fecal impaction, decubitis ulcers, and necrosis of the buttocks and low back. Due to the acute renal failure, Lett, in all probability, was disoriented and confused during the first four to five (4-5) weeks at Methodist. Lett also was depressed during this time period.
On January 31, 1984, Lett was transferred to St. Elizabeth Medical Center in Dayton, Ohio, Lett's home town. Initially, Lett was admitted to St. Elizabeth's rehabilitation unit. However, after nine (9) days Lett was transferred to the acute medical care unit for treatment of hypercalcemia. Lett returned to the rehabilitation unit on February 24, 1984. By August 1984, Lett almost was wheelchair independent. On August 31, 1984, Lett was released from St. Elizabeth in the care of his parents.
On December 11, 1984, Lett was rehospitalized due to an abscess on his buttock which caused an infection throughout his body. After treatment of the abscess and other complications, Lett was transferred to the rehabilitation unit on February 11, 1985. On February 28, 1985, Lett was placed back in the acute care unit and underwent surgery to remove several large kidney stones. On March 8, 1985, Lett was transferred back to the rehabilitation unit.
On March 13, 1985, Lett was released from St. Elizabeth and returned home. Thereafter, Lett obtained counsel in May of 1985. On June 4, 1985, Lett's attorney sent notice of Lett's claim to the Indiana Attorney General, the Director of the Indiana State Highway Commission, and the Director of the Indiana Flood Control and Water Resources Commission. The State denied Lett's claim, and on September 12, 1985, Lett filed suit against the State and Kelemen, which alleged that notice of claim was timely due to incompetency during the statutory period. On October 29, 1985, the State answered and raised the defense of failure to comply with the mandatory notice requirements of the ITCA, Ind. Code § 34-4-16.5-6. On August 7, 1986, the Franklin Circuit Court conducted an evidentiary hearing involving the competency of Lett under Ind. Code § 34-4-16.5-6. On January 13, 1987, the trial court determined that Lett failed to establish incompetence beyond August of 1984, and that notice was not provided within 180 days thereafter. Accordingly, the trial court issued an order dismissing his claims against the State. Lett appeals this determination and order.
Whether the trial court erred by determining Lett's incompetency ended by August 31, 1984, and by holding that Lett failed to file a timely notice of claim under the ITCA, Ind. Code § 34-4-16.5-6.
Lett argues that the trial court erred by determining that he failed to establish he was incompetent beyond August 1984, and by holding that he failed to provide timely notice to the State. The claimant carries the burden of proving compliance with the ITCA's notice provisions. Thus, Lett, as claimant, appeals from a negative judgment. This court will reverse a negative judgment only if the trial court's decision is contrary to law. A decision is contrary to law if the evidence is without conflict and leads to but one Conclusion which is opposite to that reached by the ...