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Filed: September 22, 1987.


APPEAL FROM ST. JOSEPH SUPERIOR COURT, The Honorable Jeanne S. Swartz, Judge, Cause Nos. 23637 and 23653

Givan, J., Shepard, C.j. and DeBruler,; Pivarnik and Dickson, JJ., concur.

Author: Givan


A jury trial resulted in the conviction of appellant on several charges in two different causes. In Cause Number 23637, appellant was found guilty on four charges of Criminal Deviate Conduct, a Class A felony, Robbery, a Class A felony and Burglary, a Class A felony. He received a sentence of five fifty (50) year terms to run concurrently and one twenty (20) year term to run consecutively. In Cause Number 23653, appellant was found guilty of Rape, a Class A felony, and of three counts of Criminal Deviate Conduct. He received four fifty (50) year terms to be served concurrently to each other and consecutively to the sentences imposed in Cause Number 23637.

The facts are: On July 15, 1983, the victims had returned from vacation and were spending the night at the home of victims P. V. and L. V. Asleep in the living room were P. V., L. V., their two small sons and L. V.'s brother and sister-in-law, R. V. and A. V. At approximately 2:00 a.m., P. V. was awakened by the sound of an upstairs window rattling. She then heard footsteps coming down the stairway and saw appellant holding a knife. She yelled, "[t]here's someone in the house," which awakened the others. Appellant said he wanted money and threatened that if they did not cooperate with him, they would be hurt.

Appellant removed the sheets from the children's beds and cut them into strips and ordered P. V. to tie up the other adults. He then cut off A. V.'s clothes and began touching her genital area. He did the same to P. V. Throughout the encounter, appellant slapped the victims with the knife blade and threatened to decapitate the children if they failed to cooperate with his demands.

Appellant then found a tennis racket and shoved the handle into P. V.'s vagina. He then forced P. V. and A. V. to engage in oral sex with each other. He inserted the knife handle into A. V.'s vagina and forced A. V. to urinate in P.V.'s mouth. R. V. and L. V. were tied up and lying facedown on the floor. When R. V. or L. V. voiced objections to his demands, appellant struck them on the back rib cage with a tennis racket.

Next, appellant used the knife to cut a long section of P. V.'s hair from her head. He shoved the hair into A. V.'s mouth and ordered her to eat it. He then made several X-shaped cuts in P. V.'s shoulders with the knife. He scraped the blood from P. V.'s wounds with the knife and dripped it onto A. V.'s body. Appellant then forced P. V. to have oral sex with him.

Appellant took P. V.'s three-year-old son on his lap and held a knife to his stomach and ordered P. V. to stab her husband, L. V., in the heart with a second knife, or he would kill her son. After P. V. refused to do this, appellant forced A. V. to sit above the face of her husband, R. V., and defecate into his mouth. After A. V. was unable to do this, appellant forced P. V. to fill a sitz bath with water and give A. V. an enema. Appellant continuously threatened that he would harm the children if they did not cooperate, and poked the victims with the knife and made small cuts on their bodies.

Next appellant took a pop bottle and rammed it into A. V.'s vagina several times, then did the same to P. V. Intermittently he destroyed certain items in the home, such as a clock and telephone, by smashing them.

After A. V. had a bowel movement, appellant smeared some of the feces onto R. V. with his knife blade, then put some into R. V.'s mouth by hand. He then smeared it on A. V.'s face and body.

As dawn broke, appellant took the jewelry and wallets belonging to the victims and ordered A. V. to drive him in one of their cars. They drove for several miles to a gravel pit. Appellant ordered A. V. to drive through a chain stretched across the drive. The chain became entangled in the wheels of the car and appellant got out to remove it. While appellant was out of the car, A. V. accelerated and appellant grabbed onto the passenger door. A. V. accelerated to about seventy-five miles per hour and swerved the car causing appellant to fall.

A. V. then went to the police and informed them of the incident. The other three victims also had called the police after appellant and A. V. had left the home. All of the victims were taken to the hospital.

A.V. and P. V. were shown a photographic lineup containing appellant's picture. They made an immediate and positive identification of him. The victims testified at trial and all gave the same account of the incident in specific detail.

Appellant first argues that he had shown by a preponderance of the evidence that he was insane at the time of the crime, thus the verdict should not stand. Appellant claims there was substantial evidence that he was suffering from a mental disease and could not conform his conduct to the requirements of the law.

In an insanity defense, the decision will be disturbed only where the evidence is without conflict and leads to but one Conclusion and the trier of fact has reached an opposite Conclusion. Turner v. State (1981), Ind., 428 N.E.2d 1244.

Three psychiatrists examined appellant and gave testimony at trial regarding their Conclusions. One doctor stated his belief that appellant suffered some mental disease or defect at the time of the incident, but that he was still able to distinguish conduct as right or wrong, and he was able to ...

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